General information

Libya, member of the Arabic League is a country located in North Africa and bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east (borderline of 1'115 km), Sudan (borderline of 383 km) to the southeast, Chad (borderline of 1'055 km) and Niger (borderline of 354 km) to the south, and Algeria (borderline of 982 km) and Tunisia (borderline of 459 km) to the west.


Carte de la Libye

The name of the country is derived from the name of a Berber woman, “Libou”, and was changed by the Greek into Libya. 
Most of the Libya’s population is Muslim. The official language is Arabic.


Libya, a peculiar country with rich history and myths.

What to visit ?


Situated in the centre of the southern Mediterranean and on one of the most important sea routes of the ancient Greeks en Phoenicians, this country, more than any other country in the area, used his strategic location to enrich itself. For decades, the country was conquered by different nations like Phoenicians, ancient Greeks, Romans, Byzantines and Arabs. These conquerors left traces of their rich cultures all over the country.

Situated near the sea, Sabratha and Leptis Magna are the two most beautiful archaeological Roman sites of Africa and the whole region of the Mediterranean. Both sites are classified by the Unesco as world heritage.



Leptis Magna



In the east, the history of the country is marked by the ancient Greeks. In the 7th century BC, the habitants of Santorini decided, in response to a mysterious oracle, to explore other areas. Driven by the wind, they decided to look for fortune in the area of the Green Mountains ('Djebel Akhder'). In this area they founded their first Greek settlement on Libyan soil and called it CYRENE. This city soon became very prosperous due to its convenient location. Other cities in the neighbourhood, as APOLLONIA, PTOLEMAIS and EUESPERADES were established. This area, later on called Cyrenaica, became the Greek 'PENTAPOLIS", along the coastline of the Egyptian border.



Al Athrun


Ghadames and the desert of Fezzan:

On the edge of the desert, close to the border of Algeria and Tunisia, you 'll find the ancient caravan city Ghadames, often named 'pearl of the desert'. The originality of its architecture and its beautiful decorated houses make that Ghadames is classified by the Unesco as world heritage.    

In the southern part of the country, we can find proof of a civilisation which has its roots further in the past, even in the prehistory. Traces of a rich Neolithic civilisation are hidden in an outdoor museum in the centre of Libyan's desert. Engravings and petroglyphs illustrate the life of the ancestors of the Berber people and give a representation of their way of living. Certain images in OUADI METKHANDOUCH and in the ACACUS mountains are more than 10'000 years old.

The GARAMANTES are the descendants of desert people and were, as described by the Berber people living near the coastline, excellent horsemen and conductors of 'flying' chariots. They developed their civilisation far away from the storm of changes that raged over the coastline area. As HERODOTE (4th century BC) described in one of the scare testimonies of these people, the Garamantes distinguish themselves from the other Berber people by their stubbornness and perseverance. Retreated in the southern part of the country, FEZZAN became their territory.










Due to this rich history, Libya gives you a magnificent mosaic of colours and impressions to discover and to admire.